How to protect your eyes from a Pterygium | Pterigión | Carnosidad?
Most people may have not heard of a pterygium, and you may be wondering what the heck a pterygium is? Pronounced (turr-idge-ee-um) it may be easier to remember it by its nickname, Surfer’s Eye.
Tell me more about Pterigión | Carnosidad…
A pterygium is a condition that affects individuals who are exposed to sunlight for long periods of time. Surfers are at higher risk for developing this condition because they spend long periods of time in the sunlight. They are also at higher risk due to the reflection of the sunlight on the surface of the water. A pterygium can affect people of all ages who have excessive exposure to UV rays or by living in a dry, dusty, windy environment and also you may be prone to pterygium due to your heredity.
Prevention and Treatment
A pterygium is a non-cancerous growth on the white part of the eye. It typically grows on the inner cornea of the eye, closer to the nose. It can obstruct your vision and cause it to become blurry. The most common symptoms of a pterygium are blurry vision and a burning or itching sensation in your eyes as well as:
- Eye redness and inflammation
- A gritty feeling in the eye
- A feeling that there is a foreign object in the eye
- Dryness of the eye due to reduced tear production
- Blurring of vision if the corneal surface is altered or “warped”
- Obscuring of vision if growth encroaches across the pupil.
People who live in sunny climates, work outside or are from countries that are close to or live near the equator have a higher risk of developing a pterygium. It is also more common among individuals between the ages of 20-40 and affects men more commonly than women.
As with many medical conditions, the best treatment for a pterygium is prevention (we know, we know… but keep reading!)
With Spring and Summer approaching and as a pterygium may be caused by prolonged exposure to UV rays, the best way to protect yourself is by protecting your eyes from potential sun damage:
- Use sunglasses that block out ultra-violet light (close-fitting, wrap around styles are best)
- Wear sunglasses and a hat with a wide brim when outdoors
- Avoid exposure to environmental irritants, for example: smoke, dust, wind and chemical pollutants
- Use appropriate eye safety equipment in work environments.
Not only does Pterygium affect your eye health, it can cause you to struggle with your appearance and create self-esteem issues. We can help, if you have a pterygium or may know someone who does, please contact us or request to request to schedule a free consultation.